It was 9 full months after
the Buddha got the Enlightenment, on the full moon day
of 6th lunar month, 45 years before the Buddhist era.
On the full moon day of the 3rd lunar month, Makha,
of the year, 4 special events happened:
1. There were 1,250 Sangha
followers, that came to see the Buddha that evening
without any schedule.
2. All of them were "Arhantas', the Enlightened
One, and all of them were ordained by the Buddha himself.
3. The Buddha gave those Arhantas the principles of
the Buddhism, called "The Ovadhapatimokha".
Those principles are: - To cease from all evil, - To
do what is good, - To cleanse one's mind;
4. It was the full moon day.
Another important event,
which happened on the same days (the full moon day of
the 3rd lunar month) 44 years later, the last year of
the Buddha's life, he decided to 'Parinibbhana', nirvana,
leave the mind from the body or die. 3 months after
that day (on the full moon day of the six lunar month
-- we known as 'Visakha Bucha Day').
TO BE OBSERVED ON
MAKHA BUCHA DAY
Making merit by going to temples for special observances,
making merit, listening to Dhamma preaching, giving
some donations and join in the other Buddhist activities.
'RUB SIL': Keeping the
Five Precepts, including abstinence from alcoholic drinks
and all kinds of immoral acts.
'TUK BARD': Offering food
to the monks and novices (in the alm bowl).
Practice of renuciation: Observe the Eight Precepts,
practice of meditation and mental discipline, stay in
the temple, wearing white robes, for a number of days.
'VIEN TIEN': Attending
the Candle Light Procession around the Uposatha Hall,
in the evening of the Vesak full moon day.